Modal

Introduction

IHP provides support to render Bootstrap 4 Modals out of the box. Here’s how the result can look like:

Layout Setup

Before we can build our modal, we have to make sure that your current application layout has rendering for modals enabled.

Open your Web/View/Layout.hs and add a {modal} just before the closing </body> tag:

defaultLayout :: Html -> Html
defaultLayout inner = H.docTypeHtml ! A.lang "en" $ [hsx|
<body>
    {inner}
    {modal}
</body>
|]

In case there is a {modal} already you can skip this step. Don’t add the {modal} twice.

Rendering Modal Views

Let’s say we have a ProjectsAction displaying a list of projects. We have a NewProjectAction that you can use to add projects.

data ProjectsController
    = ProjectsAction
    | NewProjectAction

Let’s turn the NewProjectAction into a modal that renders on top of the projects list.

First we need to modify our NewProjectAction. It currently looks like this:

action NewProjectAction = do
    let project = newRecord
    render NewView { .. }

We need to call setModal NewView { .. } to turn the NewView into a modal. We also need to call jumpToAction ProjectsAction to render the NewView on top of the ProjectsView which is going to be rendered by the ProjectsAction:

action NewProjectAction = do
    let project = newRecord
    setModal NewView { .. }

    jumpToAction ProjectsAction

Let’s take a look at /NewPost, it now looks like this:

The NewView is now rendered inside the ProjectsView (it’s rendered where the {modal} is placed). Next we’re going to add the modal styling.

The Web/View/Projects/New.hs view looks like this at the moment:

module Web.View.Projects.New where
import Web.View.Prelude

data NewView = NewView { project :: Project }

instance View NewView where
    html NewView { .. } = [hsx|
        <div class="container">
            <nav>
                <ol class="breadcrumb">
                    <li class="breadcrumb-item"><a href={ProjectsAction}>Projects</a></li>
                    <li class="breadcrumb-item active">New Project</li>
                </ol>
            </nav>
            <h1>New Project</h1>
            {renderForm project}
        </div>
    |]

We’re going to use renderModal inside the html NewView { .. } definition to turn this into a bootstrap-styled Modal view:

module Web.View.Projects.New where
import Web.View.Prelude

data NewView = NewView { project :: Project }

instance View NewView where
    html NewView { .. } = renderModal Modal
                { modalTitle = "New Project"
                , modalCloseUrl = pathTo ProjectsAction
                , modalFooter = Nothing
                , modalContent = [hsx|
                        {renderForm project}
                    |]
                }

After that our /NewProject view looks like this:

The call to renderModal Modal { .. } returns the HTML code for the bootstrap modal. You can think of it as a template function where modalTitle, modaCloseUrl, etc. just fill in the placeholder variables for the modal.